Leucorrhoea

  • Do you have any foul smelling discharge?
  • Do you have any black patches under your eyes?
  • Do you feel any dragging sensation in the abdomen?
  • Do you have any pain during sexual intercourse?

MAY BE YOU HAVE LEUCORRHOEA…

What is Leucorrhoea?

Leucorrhoea (Vaginitis) isa common gynaecological problem faced by many women of all ages across the globe. It is a condition, where a whitish fluid is discharged from the genitals of a woman. In order to maintain a healthy vagina and flush out harmful microorganisms from the vagina the body discharges a pale white and odourless fluid. But when there is an infection in the vagina, the discharge takes on a different form and is called leucorrhoea. Normally, vaginal discharge happens in regular variations of amount and consistency during the course of the menstrual cycle. A greater than usual amount is normal in pregnancy, and a decrease is to be expected after delivery, duringlactation and after menopause.

Types of Leucorrhoea

There are two types of leucorrhoea namely: physiological and pathological. Physiological leucorrhoea occurs due to a change in oestrogen levels, which may be caused due to change in hormones during pregnancy, ovulation or sexual excitement. It is generally harmless and may not be needed to be worried about. However, Pathological Leucorrhoea could be due to nutritional deficiencies or a dysfunction in the genital tract and could be indicative of an infection or an underlying gynaecological condition.

Symptoms of Leucorrhoea

The whitish fluid discharge is mostly experienced in the course of puberty, while the sexual structures of the female are evolving. The pH balance of the vagina fluctuates during the cycle and is the least acidic on the days just prior to and during menstruation. So, risks of infections are maximized during this time in some of the tissues of the vagina.Symptoms of leucorrhoea can include; whitish discharge from the vagina thick, viscid as well as foul smelling discharge, pain in the lumbar region and the calves, pain during sexual intercourse, black patches under the eyes, spots on undergarments, dragging sensation in the abdomen, intense itching in the genital region, constipation, irritability, headaches.

Diagnosis of Leucorrhoea

The diagnosis of leucorrhoea is an essential factor as its advanced stage is very complicated and can lead to cancer also. So, for investigation purpose cytological examination (Pap smear), cervical punch biopsy, cervical culture, haematological investigation (Hb%, TLC, DLC, ESR), serological investigations (VDRL, HIV) and urine examination (routine & microscopic) are needed.

Causes of Leucorrhoea

The main causes of leucorrhoea in majority of women includes following causes:

  • Fungal infections: Fungus like Candida albicans when infects vaginal tract leads to discharge of white, thick fluid with stinging sensation.
  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD): Bacteria like Trichomonasvaginalisleads to deep rooted infections in the female reproductive organ which leads to heavy discharge of yellowish or greenish fluid from vagina.
  • Pelvis inflammation: The pelvis portion becomes inflamed due to infection causing leucorrhoea.
  • Cervix related problems: Cervix erosion and cervix polyps’ formation may lead to discharge of heavy brown coloured fluid resembling clotted blood from the vaginal region.
  • Unhealthy hygiene: Sharing public toilets, lack of cleanliness of reproductive organ during menstrual periods, use of cloth material instead of sanitary pad usually leads to infection resulting in leucorrhoea.

Ayurvedic perspective of Leucorrhoea

Ayurveda considers Leucorrhoea to be a metabolic disorders arising due to malfunctioning of basic units of life known as Dhatus. Lifestyle modalities in terms of actions and diet which alter the secretions in the body are the prime causative factors. However, according to charak and vagbhatthe symptoms of kaphajayonivyapada are similar to that of shwetapradar. As per charak vitiatedkaphaespecially of abhishyandiguna (a property to block and infect body channels) infects yoni (vagina) of a female and produce sticky, unctuous, cold and white discharge from vagina which is associated with itching and pain.Some of the ayurvedic remedies for the treatment of leucorrhoea mentioned in the Charaksamhita and literatures are as:

  • Use of combination of Praval (Coral) Bhasma, Trivangbhasma with rice water relieves the leucorrhoea.
  • Licking of powdered Shadawasa (a variety of Setariaetallica) mixed with oil of tila for seven consecutive days’ is reported to relieve symptoms of leucorrhoea.
  • Use of nagakeshar with takra (buttermilk) followed by diet of only cooked rice and takra can cure leucorrhoea only within three days.
  • Ashoka, lodhra, putradanti, kasani, shvetbij are found to be useful to enhance the blood flow to genital passage area to keep vaginal discharge away.
  • Pataltumbi, smundarphal and menphal keep infections away and protect the genital passage area.
  • Tapsivni, mochras enhances overall health of vagina and makes the skin hydrated.
  • Kandera, pipal and eshkpencha are astringents which controls infections.

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